Massive global shutdowns are now under way for metals smelting and steel factories
Without metals and industrial elements -- steel, copper, aluminum, iron ore, nickel, zinc, titanium, etc. -- human civilization cannot exist.
Yet right now, aluminum, copper and steel plants are shutting down worldwide. We've compiled a list of just some of the shutdowns so far this year.
Some shutdowns are happening under "force majeure" declarations. Others cite sky-high energy prices, and yet others say there's not enough demand as the global economy implodes (by design).