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Massive global shutdowns are now under way for metals smelting and steel factories

Without metals and industrial elements -- steel, copper, aluminum, iron ore, nickel, zinc, titanium, etc. -- human civilization cannot exist.

Yet right now, aluminum, copper and steel plants are shutting down worldwide. We've compiled a list of just some of the shutdowns so far this year.

Some shutdowns are happening under "force majeure" declarations. Others cite sky-high energy prices, and yet others say there's not enough demand as the global economy implodes (by design).